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Friday, July 31, 2015

Bird Flu (Avian Flu) explained in Simple Language - बर्ड फ्लू आसान भाषा में समझें

Simplify Bird Flu (Avian Flu) बर्ड फ्लू आसान भाषा में समझें 


What is Bird Flu   ?

बर्ड फ्लू क्या है ?


Bird flu also known as  Avian flu  is a severe type of flu which can be sometimes fatal. It usually spread from bird to bird but  it can also be transmitted to humans

बर्ड फ्लू जिसे एवियन फ्लू भी कहते हैं एक गंभीर किस्म का फ्लू है जो जानलेवा भी हो सकता है।  यह आम तौर पर पक्षियों से पक्षियों में फैलता है परन्तु कभी कभी पक्षियों से इंसानो में भी फ़ैल सकता है। b


How Bird Flu Spreads?

बर्ड फ्लू कैसे फैलता है ?

Bird Flu spreads from birds (commonly poultry) to person, or person to person. Birds are most common source of infection for humans. Transmission of Bird flu from person to person is very rare. But when it spreads from person to person it is usually like other flu. When people affected with Bird Flu virus talk, sneeze, cough, laugh, they create droplets. These droplets, which contain virus, suspend in air for some times and can be inhaled by healthy people and thus giving the entry to virus in their body. 

Bird Flu
Artist's Illustration of  Bird Flu

How Bird Flu does not Spread?
बर्ड फ्लू कैसे नहीं फैलता है ?

 Humans are not infected from   eating properly cooked eggs or chickens. Few cases were reported of human to human transfer of virus but it is very rare and happened only in very close contacts.

What are Symptoms of BirdFlu?
बर्ड फ्लू के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

In Humans, Bird  flu symptoms  may vary from common flu-like symptoms  like fever, cough, sore throat and muscle aches  to   pneumonia, Acute respiratory distress and other severe and life-threatening complications. Symptoms of Bird flu  depend on many factors including immunity of infected person, strain/type of virus causing the infection, age, any other co-existing diseases

How Bird Flu is diagnosed?
बर्ड फ्लू की पहचान क्या होती है ?

Clinically, it is difficult to differentiate Bird flu from common flu or other flu like diseases because symptoms are almost same. Proper History taking and history suggestive of coming in contact with an Bird Flu infected patient and traveling to an area affected by bird flu, or history of having a close contact with affected Birds usually raise the alarm.  Lab test can help in confirming the diagnose. A swab from Naso pharynx is taken and sent to Lab for examination where presence of Virus can be ascertained and thus help in diagnosing Bird Flu.


What is Treatment of Bird Flu?
बर्ड फ्लू का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Bird Flu is a seeious disease and demand immediate medical attention if suspected. Some cases need supportive and symptomatic treatment. Some Serious cases need Anti-Viral Drugs. Commonly used Anti Viral drugs include oseltamivir and zanamivir. But these should not be used without proper medical supervision.



What is not a treatment of Bird flu?
बर्ड फ्लू का इलाज़ क्या नहीं होता है ?

Antibiotics have no role in treatment of Bird flu. Although if there is any secondary infection or if there is any co-existing condition, Anti-biotics may be needed

What is Ayurvedic Treatment of Bird Flu? 
बर्ड फ्लू का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या होता है?

In Ayurveda Various herbs are used for treatment of Bird Flu. But these are not an replacement of Allopathic treatment. These herbs can be taken in addition to Allopathic treatment. Proven herbs include neem (Indian lilac), tulsi, ginger and pepper extracts.

What is Homeopathic Treatment of Bird Flu?
बर्ड फ्लू का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Comon homeopathic remedies   used   with great effeciveness in Bird Flu include:

GelseniumBryoniaAconite


Consult your homeopathic doctor for further information for same

How to Prevent Bird Flu?
बर्ड फ्लू से बचाव कैसे करें ?

1. Vaccination – Get yourself vaccinated for Bird Flu. 
2. Hygiene –
                   Frequently wash your hands
                   Keep your nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing
                   Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth
                  Keep distance from infected persons
                   Avoid touching door knobs and railings in public places
                  Avoid Handshakes. Use Namaste for greeting other people.
      3) Be physically active, do regular exercise, keep yourself hydrated.
  If you work in poultry farms or come in contact with poultry often keep watch on them. take immediate action as soon as bird flu is suspected.

What to do If I suspect I have Bird Flu?
मुझे शक है के मुझे बर्ड फ्लू है।  क्या करूँ ?

Remember, not every flu is Bird Flu. But if you have any doubt that you can have bird flu or if you came in contact with a person or birds who are diagnosed with bird flu now, consult your doctor and get the Swab test done for same. A clinical assessment is necessary to see the severity of Flu.

What to do If I am having bird Flu?
मुझे बर्ड फ्लू हो गया है।  क्या करूँ ?

 If you are diagnosed with Bird Flu, and symptoms are mild then take proper rest and keep yourself hydrated. Follow advice of your doctor and start Anti Viral treatment. Follow all the instructions given by doctor and take medicines on time. Admission is usually needed for infected people


Also, take precautions for prevention so that other people near you don’t get infected. Wear a recommended mask, cover your mouth and nose covered while coughing or sneezing. 

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Hepatitis A explained in Simple Language - हेपेटाइटिस ऐ समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में

Simplify Hepatitis A - हेपेटाइटिस ऐ समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में


What is hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ क्या है ?


Hepatitis A is a viral infection characterized by inflammation of the liver. Due to the infection, the liver loses its capability to carry out its normal functioning.

What causes hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ क्यों होता है ?

There are various factors that cause hepatitis A. These include:
Consumption of contaminated food or water
Indulging in unprotected sex with partner who is already infected with the virus
Consuming food made by person who does not wash his hands properly after using the toilet
Consumption of raw shell fish from polluted water

Does hepatitis A spread from person to person?
क्या हेपेटाइटिस ऐ व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति फ़ैल सकता है ?

Yes, it a contagious disease and can easily spread from person to person.

How does Hepatitis A spread?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ कैसे फैलता है ?

Hepatitis A spreads by the following methods:

  • Sharing same needles of infected person
  • Sex with individuals infected with the virus
  • Eating contaminated food and water
  • Consuming fish from polluted water

Hepatitis is an infection of Liver
Hepatitis is an infection of Liver

What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Symptoms of hepatitis A do not show effect until the virus has resided in the body for at least a few weeks. Following signs and symptoms are evident in hepatitis A infection:

  • Tiredness along with joint pain and low grade fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark colored urine
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Onset of jaundice
  • Stools are dark (clay) colored


How hepatitis A is diagnosed?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ की पहचान कैसे  होती है 

A preliminary physical examination is done to check for enlarged and tender liver. Following this, a blood test is required for detecting the hepatitis A virus.

What tests should be done for hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ के लिए कौन से टेस्ट किये जाते हैं ?

Liver function test and antibody test are done for hepatitis A.

What are the different stages of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ की कौन कौन सी अवस्थाएं होती हैं ?

There are 4 phases of hepatitis A, namely:

  1. Incubation phase - wherein the virus replicates inside the body, but the patient remains asymptomatic
  2. Preicteric phase – also known as prodromal phase, is the one wherein there is onset of typical symptoms of hepatitis A
  3. Icteric phase - wherein the patient develops jaundice
  4. Convalescent phase– wherein the disease resolution is extremely low and recovery is complete.


What is treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

There is no particular treatment regime for hepatitis A. The virus gets cleared from the body through its own course and the liver repairs itself within 6 months. Patients are advised to take full rest and eat nutritious foods.

What is not a treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का इलाज़ क्या नहीं होता है ?

Antibiotics have no effect on viral infection and therefore do not form part of treatment regime of hepatitis A.

How to prevent hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ  से कैसे बचाव किया जा सकता है ?

Vaccination is one of the best methods to prevent hepatitis A infection. In addition, it is also necessary to avoid sharing needles of infected persons. Washing hands with soap and water after using toilet is also necessary to prevent infection.


What is schedule of hepatitis A vaccine?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ वैक्सीन का क्या तरीका होता है ?

Hepatitis A vaccination is administered in 2 doses: initial vaccine followed by a booster dose after 6 months.

What to do if I suspect I have hepatitis A?
मुझे शक है कि मुझे हेपेटाइटिस ऐ है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect that you have been infected with the virus, it is best to get your blood tested and visit your doctor at the earliest.

What to do if I am having hepatitis A?
मुझे हेपेटाइटिस ऐ है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you are suffering from hepatitis A, it is necessary to take plenty of rest and eat nutritious foods.

What is Ayurvedic treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का आयुर्वेदिक  इलाज़ क्या  है ?

The various herbs used in the treatment of hepatitis A include phyllanthusamaris, terminaliabelerica, eclipta alba, andrographispaniculata, boerhaviadiffusa, swertiachirata, tinosporacordifolia and picror hizakuroa.

What is the homeopathic treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Homeopathy medicines have proven to be effective in treatment of viral infections. Various medications used for treatment of hepatitis A include brynoia, chelidonium, podophyllum, lycopodium, arsenic, myricacerifera, nuxvom, phosphorus, ptelea trifoliate and carduus mar.

What are the dietary recommendations for hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ में खान पान का क्या ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Hepatitis A infection causes inflammation of the liver and therefore patients are advised to have foods which are low in fats. However, a high calorie diet is a must for liver regeneration and for providing optimum energy levels to the body.

Stroke explained in Simple Language - स्ट्रोक समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में

Simplify Stroke -  स्ट्रोक समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में


What is Stroke?
स्ट्रोक क्या है ?

Stroke is a brain attack that occurs due to obstruction in blood and oxygen flow to the brain cells. The brain cells begin to die, abilities like muscle control and memory are lost.

What causes Stroke?
स्ट्रोक क्यों होता है ?

It takes place when flow of blood is cut off to a certain part of the brain, oxygen supply to the brain stops and the brain cells start to die.

What causes Atherosclerosis?
अथेरोस्क्लेरोसिस क्यों होती है ?

Atherosclerosis is a complex disease that damages the inner layers of the arteries. It may start in early childhood and may be caused by factors like smoking, high blood pressure, sugar, cholesterol , smoking, diabetes and insulin resistance

What are the symptoms of Stroke?
स्ट्रोक के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Common symptoms are :

  • Sudden weakness or numbness of the arm or leg, face and one side of the body.
  • Difficulty in speaking and understanding.
  • Difficulty in seeing accompanied by blurred vision in one or both eyes.
  • Difficulty walking accompanied by loss of balance and coordination.


How Stroke is diagnosed?
स्ट्रोक की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) that uses radio waves and magnets to create images of the body organs and structures is one of the tests to detect changes in brain tissue and damage to brain cells. Brain Computed Tomography also known as brain CT Scan is another test performed.
Stroke
Stroke

What is the treatment of Stroke?
स्ट्रोक का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Treatment of ischemic stroke also known as TIA are medicines and medical procedures. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) a medicine can break up blood clots within the arteries of the brain. For carotid artery disease your physician may recommend carotid endarterectomy or angioplasty.

What are the myths related to Stroke?
स्ट्रोक से सम्बन्धिक गलतफेहमियां क्या हैं ?

One of the myths relating to Strokes is that women and younger people are protected from strokes. They are as much prone to getting stroke although in young people the symptoms get ignored sometimes.


How to prevent Stroke?
स्ट्रोक से कैसे बचाव किया जा सकता है ?

Some of the ways of preventing Strokes is losing excess weight, lowering blood pressure, drinking in moderation, exercising regularly, treating Diabetes and Atrial fibrillation.

What is the Ayurvedic treatment of Stroke?
स्ट्रोक का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Many Ayurvedic health resorts provide ayurvedic massages with ayurvedic oils, herbal medications and physiotherapy all of which forms an effective treatrment for Stroke.

What is the Homeopathic treatment of Stroke?
स्ट्रोक का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Homeopathic remedies include Opium that should be given if the person has flushed or dark face, if his breathing is like snoring or he has collapsed. If the person id fearful he can be given Aconite. Belladona can be given if the eyes are wide and staring or if there is headache.

What are the dietary recommendations for stroke?
स्ट्रोक में खान  पान का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Choose foods with high fiber like whole grains. Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Take fish twice a week. Limit the intake of saturated or transfats.

What are the lifestyle changes recommended for controlling Stroke?
स्ट्रोक होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करना चाहिए ?

Try to keep your weight low. Set up a sensible weight plan that includes regular exercise and eating healthy. Get your BP checked regularly that will help in management of blood pressure. Avoid alcohol and quit smoking. 

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Breast cancer explained in Hindi Language - ब्रैस्ट कैंसर समझिए आसान भाषा में

Simplify Breast cancer -  ब्रैस्ट कैंसर समझिए आसान भाषा में


What is breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर क्या है ?

Breast cancer, one of the most common types of cancer, is a disease characterized by development of malignant tumor in the breast. Such a type of cancer majorly strikes the female population, but in some rare cases can affect males too.

ब्रैस्ट कैंसर  एक प्रकार का कैंसर है जिसमे कैंसर वाली कोशिकायें ब्रैस्ट के अंदर पनपता है। इस प्रकार का कैंसर आम तौर पे महिलाओं को होता है परन्तु विरली परिस्थितयों में ये पुरुषो में भी हो सकता है।

What causes breast cancer? 
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर क्यों और कैसे होता है ?

The exact cause of breast cancer is not known. However, certain risk factors have been identified which increases the risk of developing breast cancer. These include heredity, genetic factors, obesity, and exposure to radiation, alcohol consumption and advancing age. Women in the post menopausal age who have to undergo hormonal therapy are also at an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के सटीक कारणों का अभी पता नहीं है। हालांकि कुछ रिस्क फैक्टर पहचाने गए हैं जिनसे ब्रैस्ट  कैंसर के चांस बढ़ जाते हैं जैसे कि : आनुवंशिक , जेनेटिक, मोटापा, रेडिएशन से संपर्क, शराब का सेवन करना और बढ़ती  उम्र - इन सभी कारणों से ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के चांस बढ़ जाते है। जिन महिलाओं ने मेनोपौस के बाद हॉर्मोन थेरपी ली है उनको भी ब्रैस्ट  कैंसर होने के चांस ज्यादा हो सकते है।

Can breast cancer spread from person to person?
क्या ब्रैस्ट कैंसर एक महिला से दूसरी महिला को हो सकता है ?

No, breast cancer is not an infectious disease and cannot spread from person to person.

ब्रैस्ट कैंसर छुआछूत की बीमारी नहीं है; इसीलिए ये छूने से या एक साथ खाना खाने से नहीं फ़ैल सकता।

How to diagnose breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर की पहचान कैसे की जाती है ?

Initially a breast examination is carried out followed by mammography for diagnosing breast cancer. In addition, ultrasound examination, MRI and biopsy are also conducted.

प्राथमिक तौर पर ब्रैस्ट की जांच के दौरान कैंसर का पता चल सकता है। इसके उपरांत अन्य टेस्ट्स भी किये जाते है जैसे कि: मैमोग्राफी, अल्ट्रासाउंड द्वारा जांच , एम आर आई  और बायोप्सी।

What is treatment of breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर का इलाज़ कैसे होता है ?

Treatment of breast cancer largely depends on the stage at which the cancer has been diagnosed. Various treatment methods employed include surgical removal of cancer cells, mastectomy, removal of both breasts, removal of all or affected lymph nodes, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.

ब्रैस्ट कैंसर का इलाज उसके स्टेज पे निर्भर करता है।  शुरुवात में अगर ब्रैस्ट कैंसर की पहचान हो जाये तो सर्जरी से ठीक हो सकता है। जरुरत के हिसाब से एक स्तन, दोनों स्तन या फिर सिर्फ गाँठ को ही निकालना पड़ता है।   इसके पश्चात Chemotherapy, हॉर्मोन थेरपी, रेडिएशन थेरेपी  आदि किये जाते है।

What are various myths about breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के बारे में विभिन्न गलतफहमियां क्या हैं ?

There are various myths about breast cancer. Some of the common ones include:

  • A particular type of clothing can cause breast cancer
  • Only those women with family history of breast cancer are at risk
  • Majority of the breast lumps are cancerous in nature
  • Breast implants are one of the culprits of breast cancer
लोगो के मन मैं ब्रैस्ट कैंसर को ले के विभिन्न प्रकार की गलफेमियां है; जैसे के :
  • किसी  एक प्रकार का पहनावे से या कपडा पेहेन ने से ब्रैस्ट कैंसर हो सकता है।
  • जिन के माँ बेहेन को ब्रैस्ट कैंसर हुआ है, सिर्फ उनके संतान या रिश्तेदारो को ही ब्रैस्ट कैंसर हो सकता है।
  • अधिकतर लम्प जो ब्रैस्ट पे  होते है, सब के सब कैंसर ही  है।
  •  ब्रैस्ट इम्प्लांट के कारण  ब्रैस्ट कैंसर हो सकता है।

How to prevent breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर से बचाव कैसे कर सकते हैं ?

Adopting a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce your risk of developing cancer. It is also necessary to follow a healthy dietary pattern with low saturated fats. Limiting alcohol consumption can also help against development of cancer.

स्वस्थ जीवन शैली, सही वजन मेन्टेन करना और एक्टिव रहने से ब्रैस्ट कैंसर से बचा जा सकता है।  इसके साथ ये भी ज़रूरी है के अच्छा खाना जो के फैट्स में कम हो खाना चाहिए।  ये भी आवयशक है क शराब का सेवन कम से कम किया जाये।
breast cancer
breast cancer

What to do if I suspect I have breast cancer?
मुझे शक है मुझे ब्रैस्ट कैंसर है।  क्या करूँ ?

If self breast examination has left you with some doubts and you begin to suspect that you have cancer, then it is best to consult your doctor at the earliest.

अगर आपको शक है कि  आपको ब्रैस्ट कैंसर है या फिर आपको अपने स्तन में कोई गाँठ महसूस होती है तो तो जल्द से जल्द डॉक्टर से संपर्क करें।

What to do if I am having breast cancer?
मुझे ब्रैस्ट कैंसर है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you have been diagnosed with breast cancer, it is best to diligently follow the treatment plan given to you by your doctor.

अगर आपको ब्रैस्ट कैंसर है तो बेहतर होगा अगर आप डॉक्टर के बताये ट्रीटमेंट को अपनाये और उसका नियमित रूप से पालन करें।

What is Ayurvedic treatment of breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

The science of Ayurveda has certain wonderful herbs to help in the treatment of cancer. Some of the notable herbs include sanjeevani, withaferin A, mangosteen, Indian frankincense, MAK-4, MAK-5 and pomegranate.

आयुर्वेदिक औषधियां  ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के इलाज में काफी लाभदायक सिद्ध हुई है।  दवायें जिनसे फायदा देखने को  मिला है वो है : संजीवनी, विथफेरिन A , मैंगोस्टीन, इंडियन फ़रनकिन्सेंसे, MAK-4, MAK-5 एवं अनार दाना।

What is homeopathic treatment of breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Some studies has shown that Certain homeopathic medications have good effect on cancer cells. Studies have shown that, the homeopathic medicines kill the cancer cells without affecting the normal cells. Although further research work is being done  The various medicines proven to be helpful include Thuja occidentalis, conium maculatum, carcinosin and phytolaccadecandra.

कुछ स्टडीज ने दिखाया है कि  कुछ होम्योपैथिक दवाइयाँ कैंसर में लाभदायक हैं। माना जा रहा है के होम्योपैथिक इलाज से कैंसर के सेल्स मर जाते है और वो स्वस्थ सेल्स को हानि नहीं पहुँचते। हालांकि आगे की रिसर्च अभी जारी है।   कुछ दवाइयाँ जिनसे ब्रैस्ट कैंसर पीड़ितों को आराम मिला है वे है : थूजा ऑक्सिडेंटलिस, कोनियम मकलतुम, कार्सिनोसिन और फीटोलक्काड़ेसांड्रा।

What are dietary recommendations for breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर में खान पान का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Breast cancer patients should aim for a healthy diet that is rich in protein for regeneration of healthy cells. A diet which is rich in vitamins and minerals is also advised to improve their immunity status.

ब्रैस्ट कैंसर से पीड़ित व्यक्तियों को  उन्हे प्रोटीन युक्त आहार का सेवन करना चाहिए।  इसके के साथ इम्युनिटी बढ़ने के  लिए, विटामिन्स और मिनरल्स युक्त खाद्य पदार्थ भी खाए।

What lifestyle changes are recommended for controlling breast cancer?
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव लाने चाहिए ?

It is advised that, individuals should maintain a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and a regular exercise regime. Smoking and alcohol consumption do more harm than any good and therefore should be avoided.

शराब और तम्बाकू का सेवन ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के मरीजों को वर्जित है।  एक स्वस्थ जीवन के लिए ज़रूरी है के वे नियमित रूप से व्यायाम करें एवं संतुलित भोजन का सेवन करें।

Autism explained in Simple Language - आटिज्म समझें आसान भाषा में

Simplify Autism - आटिज्म समझें आसान भाषा में




What is Autism?
आटिज्म क्या है ?

Autism is a form of complex developmental disability, characterized by difficulty in communication, which significantly hampers ones cognitive and social behavior. Such a type of mental condition shows its effect during the first 3 years of the child’s life.

What are Autism spectrum disorders?
आटिज्म स्पेक्ट्रम डिसऑर्डर्स क्या होते हैं ?

Autism spectrum disorders, abbreviated as ASD is a group of symptoms characterized by faulty or improper social behavior and restricted interactive communication skills and behavior. Children with ASD exhibit repetitive behavior with respect to particular activities or interests.

What are risk factors of Autism?
आटिज्म के रिस्क फैक्टर्स क्या होते हैं ?

The various risk factors for autism include: Genetic factors, environmental factors, exposure to drugs during pregnancy and presence of genetic diseases.

What causes Autism?
आटिज्म क्यों और कैसे होता है?

The exact cause of autism is yet to be clearly understood. However, scientists believe that interplay of genetic and environmental factors can be blamed for the development of this complex disorder. Moreover, exposure to certain types of drugs during pregnancy can also largely increase the chances of development of autism in children.

How Autism is diagnosed?
आटिज्म की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

A thorough check up regarding the child’s milestone is required to be carried out. If the child shows any sign of developmental delay, or has failed to achieve the set milestone for his / her age, then such a case is referred to an autism specialist. However, there is no specific medical test for diagnosing the condition.

Autism
Autism

My child’s milestones are delayed. Can he have autism?
मेरे बच्चे के milestones थोड़ा लेट हैं।  क्या उसे आटिज्म   हो सकता है ?

If your child’s milestones are delayed, then there is a strong possibility that he may be a victim of autism. However, before you draw out any conclusion, it is best to consult your pediatrician for a correct diagnosis.

What precautions should be taken with Autism affected children?
आटिज्म से पीड़ित बच्चों में किन बातों का ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Adopting certain precautionary measures for children affected with autism is extremely essential. The lack of communication or improperly developed communications skills of the child can land him up in trouble. Therefore, parents are advised that they should give their child an identification card which he would always carry with himself. It is also necessary to keep household toxins, fire objects, washing liquids and other inedible substances out of reach of such children.

When to suspect my child has autism?
कब शक करना चाहिए के बच्चे को आटिज्म तो नहीं ?

The signs and symptoms of autism usually showcase in the early 3 years of life. So, if your child portrays unusual behavior and has not reached his milestones then that is an indication for you to take him to the doctor.

What is treatment of autism?
आटिज्म का इलाज़ क्या है ?

Autism cannot be cured, but it can be well managed with various treatment methods. Several therapies such as behavioral therapy, family therapy, educational therapy along with medications can help in management of autism.

What are various myths about autism?
आटिज्म के बारे में विभिन्न गलत फ़हमियां क्या हैं ?

Several myths about autism exist. Some of the common ones include:

  • Autistic children are mentally retarded
  • Children with autism do not have emotions and cannot feel love
  • Autistic children lack empathy
  • Autistic children do not like to be hugged


How to prevent autism?
आटिज्म से कैसे बचा जा सकता है ?

It is not possible to prevent autism. However, avoiding exposure to drugs and environmental toxins during pregnancy can be a big advantage.

What to do if I suspect my child has autism?
मुझे शक है के मेरे बच्चे को आटिज्म है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect your child is suffering from autism, then it is best to consult your doctor at the earliest.

What to do if my child has autism?
मेरे बच्चे को आटिज्म है।  क्या करूँ ?

If your child has autism, then you are advised to keep patience and carefully adhere to the treatment plan. Give your child the love and care he needs to make him feel wanted and loved.

What are dietary recommendations for autism?
आटिज्म से पीड़ित बच्चों में खाने पीने का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Children with autism often suffer from gluten intolerance as well. Therefore, it is best to give them gluten free food. In addition, they are also a victim of gastrointestinal problems and food allergies. Parents are therefore advised to work out a diet plan with their doctor based on their child’s nutritional demands.

HIV / AIDS explained in Simple Language - एच आई वी / एड्स समझें आसान भाषा में

HIV / AIDS - एच आई वी / एड्स समझें आसान भाषा में



What is HIV?
एच आई वी क्या है ?

HIV known as human immune deficiency virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If one does not have a strong immune system it is extremely difficult to fight off the disease. Both the infection and the virus are known as HIV.

What is AIDS?
एड्स क्या है?

AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome caused by the HIV virus.

What causes HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स कैसे होता है ?

The HIV virus attacks the immune system cells and damages them which makes the body more weak and vulnerable to infections.

How HIV is spread?
एच आई वी कैसे फैलता है ?

HIV is spread through sex or sharing unsterilized instruments like needles that has been used on a HIV infected person. It also gets spread through semen, blood, rectal fluids, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluid of an HIV infected person.

How HIV does not spread?
एच आई वी कैसे नहीं फैलता है ?

HIV does not spread from cooked or uncooked food with blood on it, living with a person with HIV in the same house, from a sterile needle from a health centre or clinic or sharing utensils like fork, knife, plate, cup or spoon with an HIV infected person.

HIV / AIDS
HIV / AIDS

What are the symptoms of HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Some of the common symptoms of HIV/ AIDS are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Vomiting and Nausea


How HIV is diagnosed?
एच आई वी की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

ELISA - Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay is the primary test for diagnosing HIV and AIDS. If the test results positive then the Western Blot test is done to confirm the diagnosis.


If someone is infected today how long it will take the infection to reflect in tests?
It will take 12 weeks for the virus t show up in tests. Sometimes it may take upto 6 months to test positive with the help of standard tests.

What is the treatment of HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

There are 2 main types of HIV Vaccines – therapeutic and preventive. Antiretroviral therapies are also popular though they may have some side effects.

How to prevent HIV?
एच आई वी से बचाव कैसे किया जा सकता है ?

You can prevent the risk of infection using condoms and engaging in less risky behavior. Getting your partner tested and limiting the number of sexual partner can also prevent the risk of getting the disease.

What are the common opportunistic infections in HIV?
एच आई वी में होने वाले opportunistic  इन्फेक्शन कौन कौन से होते हैं ?

Pnuemocystis Jirovecii (Carinii) Pneumonia (PCP) PCP is a common fungal infection that often causes death in HIV patients. Tuberculosis, Fungal Infections, and Ecoli infections are most troublesome and common opportunistic infections

How to prevent opportunistic infections in HIV?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों में opportunistic इन्फेक्शन से कैसे बचा जा सकता है ?

Using condoms at the time of sex, refraining from anal or oral sex and getting vaccinated against hepatitis A and B are some of the ways you can prevent opportunistic infections. Wear Mask when going in public, Avoid Hand shakes, avoid junk food and eat only home cooked hygienic food.

What to do if I suspect I have HIV?
मुझे शक है मुझे एच आई वी है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect you have HIV get an HIV test done as soon as possible.

What is the Ayurvedic treatment for HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Proprietary ayurvedic medicines like Sookshma Triphla tabs, Chyavanprash and Raktavardhak keep away infection and improves the over all quality of life.

What are the dietary recommendations for HIV?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों को खान पान का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Dietary recommendations include taking a diet containing plenty of fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains, choosing from low-fat and lean sources of protein and cutting out on soft drinks, sweets, and foods with added sugar.

What lifestyle changes are recommended for HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों को जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करना चाहिए ?

Taking a healthy and nutritious diet, quitting smoking, exercising regularly, practicing safer sex, stopping illegal use of drugs, getting tested for STIs and taking proper treatment are some healthy ways of managing the disease.

Are there any self help groups for HIV/ AIDS? Please suggest some sites.
क्या एच आई वी एड्स से सम्बंधित कुछ सेल्फ हेल्प ग्रुप्स हैं ?

HARC provides a number of support groups which provide counseling services and emotional support to people with HIV. Some of them are RISE ( Respect Is Empowering ), HEP C. Support Group, We Are Survivors and Healthy Relationships.

Herpes Simplex explained in Simple Language - हर्पीस समझें आसान भाषा में

Simplify Herpes - हर्पीस समझें आसान भाषा में 



What is Herpes?
हर्पीस क्या है ?

Herpes is a disease caused by Herpes Simplex Virus ( HSV ). Herpes can occur in various body parts and commonly seen around the genitals or mouth. Herpes simplex virus can be two types – i) HSV-1 and HSV-2.

What causes Herpes?
हर्पीस क्यों और कैसे होती है ?

Herpes simplex virus spreads from one person to the other through direct contact. Simple activities like kissing or sharing the same lip balm or utensils may lead to the spread of HSV-1 virus. HSV-1 can cause genital herpes if a person has had sexual activities or cold sores at that time.  HSV-2 spreads through sexual contact by coming in contact with herpes sore.

How does Herpes Virus spread?
हर्पीस कैसे फैलती है ?

The Herpes simplex virus spreads very easily. Risky sexual behaviours like not using condoms during sexual intercourse can double the chances of getting the infection. Having multiple sex partners, a weakened immune system or an STI can lead to the spread of the disease.

What are the types of Herpes?
हर्पीस कितने प्रकार की होती है ?

There are two types of Herpes – Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is caused by HSV-1 virus and is also known as Oral Herpes.  Type 2 is caused by HSV-2 virus and is known as Genital Herpes. In Type 1 Herpes cold sores are found around the lips and mouth and around the genitals or rectum.
Herpes Simplex
Herpes sores can occur around the lips


How Herpes is diagnosed?
हर्पीस कैसे पहचानी जाती है ?

Most of the time the disease can be identified by its simple appearance and no tests are required. However there are various lab tests like PCR.

What is the treatment of Herpes?
हर्पीस का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Treatments can relieve the symptoms of Herpes to a great extent though there is no cure for the disease. Medications can considerably reduce the pain and number of outbreaks. Warm baths can also prove beneficial  and lessen the pain associated with genital sores.

How to take care of Herpes ulcers?
हर्पीस के छालों का ध्यान कैसे रखें ?

Maintain the hygiene. Keep them clean and dry. Wear cotton clothes. Avoid Scratching and tight clothes.

Can Herpes reoccur?
क्या हर्पीस दुबारा हो सकती है ?

Yes, Herpes can reoccur from time to time.  Some people get in once or twice whereas in others it can reoccur for 4-5 times.


What are the various myths about Herpes?
हर्पीस से जुडी विभिन्न गलत फेहमियां क्या हैं ?

There is a myth attached to Herpes that you can get the disease from toilet seats which is highly unlikely. The micro-organisms of Herpes can only survive within the human body and not on outside surfaces like toilet seats.

How to prevent Herpes?
हर्पीस से बचाव कैसे करें ?

Using condoms during  sexual activity can considerably reduce the risk of getting the disease. Avoid contact with skin, saliva or mucous membranes of people infected with HSV-1 virus to prevent Oral Herpes.

What to do if I am having Herpes?
मुझे हर्पीस हो गयी है।  क्या करूँ ?

Get plenty of rest and sleep. Take a healthy nutritious diet. Exercise regularly and stay away from stress. Consult your doctor and check if any treatment is needed.

What to do if I suspect I have Herpes?
मुझे शक है मुझे हर्पीस है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect that you have been infected by the Herpes virus consult your doctor.  Get a blood test done. Your doctor may take a sample from the herpes sore and send it for lab examination.

What is the Ayurvedic treatment for Herpes?
हर्पीस का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Apply a mixture of kama dudha with cream topically over the mouth sores.  Aloevera gel combined with bitter ghee can be another topical application.

What are the dietary recommendations for Herpes?
हर्पीस के लिए खान पान का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

One should avoid foods with high amounts of amino acid Arginine which can trigger the disease. Research tells us that the virus thrives on amino acid to replicate and become active. Thus avoiding foods like  nets, chocolates, oats and protein shakes containing Arginine can prevent Herpes.

What are the lifestyle changes recommended for controlling Herpes?
हर्पीस होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करना चाहिए ?

Stress is often an important trigger that leads to outbreak of Herpes. So besides taking a healthy strive for acquiring balance in life through regular practice of yoga and meditation. 

Acne explained in Simple Language - मुहांसे समझिए आसान भाषा में

Simplify Acne - मुहांसे समझिए आसान भाषा में 



What is Acne?
मुहांसे क्या होते हैं ?


Acne also known as Acne vulgaris is a common skin disorder characterized by skin blemishes like pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, scarring and oily skin. It is commonly found in teenagers. Teenage boys are more affected than girls. The areas of the body that usually gets affected are face, neck, chest and back. Acne can range from mild to severe.  Acne is treatable. If left untreated in the early stages it can lead to permanent scarring of the skin.

What causes Acne?
मुहांसे क्यों होते हैं ?

It has been found that genetics play an important role in the outbreak of acne. Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnancy can also cause acne. An increase in hormone androgen may lead to increased sebum production resulting in acne. Lifestyle factors like cigarette smoking and unhealthy diet are some of the other causes. 
Acne
Acne can look bad on face

What are the types of Acne?
मुहांसों के प्रकार क्या होते हैं ?

Acne can range from mild, moderate to severe. The different forms of acne are blackheads, whiteheads, papules and pustules. Blackheads are tiny blemishes that appear as black dots. They are dermatologically known as comedones. Whiteheads are similar to blackheads and come with whitish heads that occur when the skin cells get plugged with dead skin cells and sebum. Papules are small to medium in size. Bacteria leads to inflamed skin characterized by swelling and redness that has no pus. Pustules are bigger whiteheads containing whitish or yellowish-looking pus that can be painful to touch. 

What is the treatment for Acne?
मुहांसों का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

For mild to moderate acne Benzoyl peroxide is an effective treatment having mild side effects.  It has anti-inflammatory properties and is as effective as antibiotics. Topical and oral antibiotics can be used for mild to moderate and severe acne. They work as an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agent. Salycylic acid that contains beta-hydroxy acid and has bacteriostatic and keratolytic properties is another treatment. Other popular treatments include Azelaic acid, hormones, topical and oral retinoids, Spironolactone, etc. 

What are the various myths about acne?
मुहांसों से जुडी आम गलतफहमियां क्या हैं ?

It is often believed that poor hygiene may lead to acne. But that it not true instead excessive washing may worsen the condition.  Stress does not cause acne although it may be believed so. Many believe that drinking plenty of water is a natural cure for acne. There are others who believe sunbathing or sunbeds help to clear acne but all these are myths. Popping pimples which is a common practice with many people is done with the belief that the acne gets destroyed as the pus is squeezed out. But actually by doing this bacteria is spread into the skin causing redness, swelling and scars that may never go. 

How to prevent Acne?
मुहांसों से बचाव कैसे करें ?

The number one remedy to prevent the outbreak of acne is to keep your face scrupulously clean at all times. Wash your face twice daily to remove dirt, oil, dead skin cells and impurities. You may try an over-the-counter product for acne removal containing benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, salicylic acid,or lactic acid. Avoid using make-up. If you have to use at all non-cosmedogenic or oil-free cosmetics that come without chemicals and dyes.

What to do if I am having Acne?
मुझे मुहांसे हो गए हैं।  क्या करूँ ?

If you get acne it is important to keep the skin clean at all times. Wash the skin twice a day with lukewarm water and mild soap. Do not scrub the area affected by acne. Avoid wearing heavy make-up. Avoid picking at the acne that may lead to further scarring and inflammation. There are many topical creams/lotions and oral medication that you may take for curing the acne. Some topical applications tend to dry out the skin. In that case you can apply a moisturizing cream with water base to the skin. If the condition worsens talk to your doctor.

Should I burst the Acne with my fingers?
क्या मुहांसों को हाथों से फोड़ देना चाहिए ?

Many people have the habit of popping, pricking, squeezing their acne. Some believe that if the acne is pus filled letting the pus out destroys the acnes and aids the process of healing. But this is not advisable at all. The skin may not respond well and may often lead to scarring or another breakout

What is the Ayurvedic treatment of acne?
मुहांसों का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़  क्या होता है ?

Ayurvedic treatments for acne include application of packs to the affected area. Mix one teaspoon of cinnamon powder with one teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply to the affected area. You may also try combining cinnamon powder with honey and make a paste. Apply the paste at bed time and wash off next morning. Other Ayurvedic cures include  taking 30ml of Aloevera amla juice half an hour before breakfast every morning. You may also consider taking a neem decoction of 50ml on empty stomach once daily. 

What is the Homeopathic treatment of acne?
मुहांसों का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या होता है?

There are several homeopathic medicines available for the treatment of acne. Natrum Mur is one such medicine which is used to treat acne resulting from oily skin. Nux Vomica is usually recommended in cases of acne resulting from gastric disturbances resulting from addiction to tea, coffee, spicy foods and other stimulants. Silicea is another homeopathic drug used for acne with pus formation.

What are the dietary recommendations of Acne?
मुहांसे होने पर खान पान का क्या ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Doctors suggest reducing  Candida in foods.  Cut out foods containing a high level of yeast like cheese, mushrooms, marmite, soy sauce, stock cubes, vinegar, etc. Cut out on high sugary foods like biscuits, sweets, cakes, puddings, chocolate that helps Candida to thrive. Taking home made yoghurt can be beneficial for intestinal bacteria. Using fresh herbs in foods that have anti-fungal properties can also help curing acne. 

What lifestyle changes are recommended for controlling acne?
मुहांसे होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करने चाहिए ?

Regular exercise can combat stress that may lead to acne. Physical activity promotes blood circulation and supplies more oxygen to the cells helping in the elimination of toxins from the cells. Keeping the skin clean and free from sweat is important for the prevention of acne. So taking shower or washing the face twice daily can be beneficial. Sipping on to water and fresh juices  as often as possible to flush out toxins and keep the skin hydrated can also help in the prevention of acne.   

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Diabetes Mellitus explained in Simple Hindi Language - डायबिटीज (शुगर ) आसान भाषा में समझें

Simplify Diabetes Mellitus in Hindi - डायबिटीज (शुगर ) आसान भाषा में समझें 


What is Diabetes Mellitus ? 

डायबिटीज (शुगर ) क्या है ?

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder, characterized by high levels of blood sugar. In such a type of disease the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin to be used for regulation of blood sugar levels or there is resistance for insulin in receptors


शुगर एक ऐसी बीमारी है जिसमे खून में शुगर की मात्रा  बढ़ जाती है ।  इस बीमारी में, शरीर सामान्य मात्रा  में इन्सुलिन नहीं बना पाता।  इस  के कारण, शरीर के कोशिका  शुगर को उपयोग में नहीं ले पाते  और शुगर की मात्र खून में बढ़ने लगती है।


What causes Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) कैसे होता है ?

The major and most important cause of diabetes is the poor functioning of the pancreas, which cripples its ability to produce sufficient insulin to be used by the cells for the uptake of glucose. Environmental factors along with genetic defect are also known to play foul in causation of diabetes. In addition, being overweight can also predispose an individual to develop diabetes.

हमारे शरीर में जब पैंक्रियास ठीक से काम नहीं करते तो इन्सुलिन भी सही प्रमाण में नहीं बन पाता। इसी कारण वश ग्लूकोस अथवा शुगर खून में ही रह जाता है और शरीर के सेल्स तक नहीं पहुंच पाता।  इसके आलावा, शुगर की बीमारी अन्य परिस्थितियों मैं पर्यावरण सम्बंधित  एवं अनुवांशिक कारण  भी हो
सकता है।  जिन व्यक्तियों का वजन ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा है, वे भी शुगर की बीमारी का शिकार बन सकते है।


Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus


What are different types of Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) कितने प्रकार की  होती  है ?

There are 3 types of diabetes, namely: Type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

शुगर तीन प्रकार के होते है: टाइप १ डायबिटीज, टाइप २ डायबिटीज एवं जेस्टेशनल डायबिटीज।

Does Diabetes Mellitus spread from person to person?
क्या डायबिटीज (शुगर ) एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकती है ?

No, diabetes is not an infectious disease and cannot spread from person to person.

नहीं, डायबिटीज (शुगर) एक व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति को नहीं फ़ैल सकता।
ये एक छूत की बीमारी नहीं है।


What are the Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Symptoms of diabetes vary depending on your blood sugar levels. Some of the common signs and symptoms include:

  • Increase in urge to urinate
  • Increased thirst
  • Undue weight loss
  • Increased hunger
  • Tiredness
  • Frequent susceptibility to infections
  • Irritability
  • Weakened eye sight
  • Sores do not heal quickly
डायबिटीज (शुगर) से ग्रस्त व्यक्तियां इन लक्षणों का शिकार होते है :


  • बार बार पेशाब आना 
  • ज़्यादा प्यास लगना
  • वजन काम हो जाना
  • भूख बढ़ना 
  • थकान महसूस करना, 
  • नज़र कमज़ोर होना
  • घाव जल्दी ठीक न होना
  • चिड़चिड़ा पन 
  • जल्द ही इन्फेक्शंस लगना

How Diabetes Mellitus is diagnosed?

डायबिटीज (शुगर ) की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

In many cases, a simple blood sugar test would be enough to judge the blood sugar levels. To confirm diabetes, fasting blood sugar test followed by oral glucose tolerance test is carried out. For diagnosing gestational diabetes, pregnant mothers would be tested using initial glucose challenge test, followed by follow – up glucose testing.

सामान्य तौर पर, ब्लड शुगर जांच  से ही शुगर की बीमारी पकड़ में आ जाती है।  इसके आलावा, खाली पेट ब्लड शुगर टेस्ट और ओरल ग्लूकोस टॉलरेंस टेस्ट भी किये जाते है।  जेस्टेशनल डायबिटीज की जांच के लिए, प्रेग्नेंट औरतें को ग्लूकोस चैलेंज टेस्ट और फल्लोव - उप ग्लूकोस टेस्टइ  करवाना पड़ता है।


What is Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) का इलाज़ क्या है ?
Diabetes treatment majorly depends on the type of diabetes that has set in. Those with type 1 diabetes are given insulin shots for keeping the blood sugar levels under control. For treating type 2 diabetes, medications along with insulin shots are required. In addition to medications, diabetic individuals are clearly advised to adhere to a healthy eating pattern and to undergo regular physical activity to keep their blood sugar levels under check.

शुगर का इलाज बीमारी आम तौर पर इन्सुलिन के इंजेक्शन्स द्वारा किया जाता है।  इन्सुलिन के इंजेक्शन उन व्यक्तियों के लिए है जिनको टाइप १ डायबिटीज हुआ है।  उनके लिए जो क टाइप २ डायबिटीज का शिकार हुए है, उनको दवाइयों के इंजेक्शन्स भी दिए जाते है।  इनके आलावा, एक सम्पूर्ण पौष्टिक
आहर एवं सक्रिय लाइफस्टाइल भी आव्यशक है।

Is it necessary to take insulin for treatment of Diabetes Mellitus?
क्या डायबिटीज (शुगर ) के लिए इन्सुलिन लेना जरुरी है ?

Not always. But, depending on the type of diabetes that has developed, individuals may have to be given regular insulin shots.

हर समय इन्सुलिन के इंजेक्शन्स की न भी ज़रूरत पद सकती है।  परन्तु, डायबिटीज के प्रकार के अनुसार इन्सुलिन के इंजेक्शन्स दिए जाते है।

What is not a treatment of Diabetes Mellitus?
क्या डायबिटीज (शुगर ) का इलाज़ नहीं है ?

Antibiotics and anti-viral medications usually do not form a part of diabetic treatment regime. However, if the patients have suffered cuts or have developed sores, then antibiotics may be required for wound healing.

एंटीबायोटिक्स और एंटीवायरल दवाइयाँ शुगर का इलाज नहीं कर सकती।  परन्तु, अगर इंसान को घाव हो गया हो, या किसी प्रकार का इन्फेक्शन हो गया हो, तो उसे एंटीबायोटिक्स की ज़रूरत पड़ सकती है।


How to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus
?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) से कैसे बचाव कर सकते हैं ?

It is not always possible to prevent type 1 diabetes. However, strictly following a healthy eating pattern and an active lifestyle along with keeping weight under control can help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

टाइप १ डायबिटीज से बचना हर बार संभव नहीं होता  है।  परन्तु अगर आप रोज़ व्यायाम करे, पौष्टिक आहार खाए और वजन को नियनयत्रीत रखे तो टाइप २ डायबिटीज से बचा जा सकता है।

What to do if I suspect I have Diabetes Mellitus?
मुझे शक है कि मुझे डायबिटीज (शुगर ) है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect that you have diabetes, it becomes mandatory for you to consult your doctor immediately and get your blood sugar levels measured.

अगर आपको शक है कि आपको शुगर की बीमारी हुई है तो आप तुरंत अपने  डॉक्टर से संपर्क करे एवं ब्लड शुगर की जांच करवाये।


What to do if I am having Diabetes Mellitus?
मुझे डायबिटीज (शुगर ) है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you are having diabetes, it is best to make corrections in your lifestyle factors. Eat a balanced diet and stay physically active. A balance of exercise, healthy eating and medications would go a long way in effective management of diabetes.

अगर आपको शुगर की बीमारी हुई है, तो अच्छा होगा अगर आप रोज़ व्यायाम करे और संतुलित आहार खाये।  समय से दवाई लेना और स्वस्थ रहना, आपका शुगर कंट्रोल में रखेगा। 

What is Ayurvedic treatment for Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

The various herbs used in treatment for diabetes include jambhul, bel, methi, shilajit, triphala, neem and bitter gourd.

आयुर्वेदिक औषधियां जो शुगर की बीमारी में लाभदायक है, वो है: जमभूल, बेल, मेथी, शिलाजीत, त्रिफला , नीम और करेला।

What is homeopathic treatment for Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Homeopathic medications have promising effects on diabetes. Some of the common medications used include acidum phosphoricum, arsenicum bromatum, rhus aromaticum, murex purpurea, sanicula, calcarea phosphorica, iodium and uranium nitricum.

शुगर के इलाज में होम्योपैथिक दवाइयाँ काफी लाभदायक है।  कुछ दवाइयों के नाम जो उपयोग में ली जाती है वो है: एसिडम फोस्फोरिकम, आर्सेनिकम ब्रोमातुम, रहस्य अरोमैटिकम, मुरेक्स पुरपुरी, सनिकला, कालकारी फोस्फोरिका, आॅडियम  और यूरेनियम नुत्रिकुम।

What are dietary recommendations for Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) होने पर खान पान में क्या बदलाव करने चाहिए ?

Individuals with diabetes are advised to take a high fiber diet and limit the intake of simple carbohydrates, fats and sugars. A diet that is rich in vegetables, fruits, whole pulses and grains are ideal for diabetics.

शुगर की बीमारी से ग्रस्त व्यक्तियों को संतुलित आहार की सलाह दी जाती है।  साथ ही साथ उन्हें कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स, फैट्स और सुगर का इस्तेमाल काम कर देना चाहिए।  ताज़ा फल एवं सब्जियां, अंकुरित दाल, एवं छिलके सहित दाल का सेवन अति आवयशक बन जाता है।

What lifestyle changes are recommended for controlling Diabetes Mellitus?
डायबिटीज (शुगर ) होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करने चाहिए ?

Individuals with diabetes need to maintain a healthy body weight. Therefore, it is advisable that they indulge in a daily exercise regime and keep themselves physically active. Being physically active also helps control a sudden spike in blood sugar levels. It is also important to keep stress at bay, as the stress hormones hamper the functioning of insulin.

सबसे पहले ये ज़रूरी है क व्यक्ति अपना वजन को नियंत्रण में रखे।  इसके लिए उन्हें रोज़ व्यायाम करना होगा और खुद को एक्टिव रखने की पूरी कोशिश करनी होगी।  फिजिकली एक्टिव रहने से ब्लड शुगर भी काबू में रहता है। जितना हो सके तनाव से बचे और स्ट्रेस को दूर रखे।