Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Acne explained in Simple Language - मुहांसे समझिए आसान भाषा में

Simplify Acne - मुहांसे समझिए आसान भाषा में 

What is Acne?
मुहांसे क्या होते हैं ?

Acne also known as Acne vulgaris is a common skin disorder characterized by skin blemishes like pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, scarring and oily skin. It is commonly found in teenagers. Teenage boys are more affected than girls. The areas of the body that usually gets affected are face, neck, chest and back. Acne can range from mild to severe.  Acne is treatable. If left untreated in the early stages it can lead to permanent scarring of the skin.

What causes Acne?
मुहांसे क्यों होते हैं ?

It has been found that genetics play an important role in the outbreak of acne. Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnancy can also cause acne. An increase in hormone androgen may lead to increased sebum production resulting in acne. Lifestyle factors like cigarette smoking and unhealthy diet are some of the other causes. 
Acne can look bad on face

What are the types of Acne?
मुहांसों के प्रकार क्या होते हैं ?

Acne can range from mild, moderate to severe. The different forms of acne are blackheads, whiteheads, papules and pustules. Blackheads are tiny blemishes that appear as black dots. They are dermatologically known as comedones. Whiteheads are similar to blackheads and come with whitish heads that occur when the skin cells get plugged with dead skin cells and sebum. Papules are small to medium in size. Bacteria leads to inflamed skin characterized by swelling and redness that has no pus. Pustules are bigger whiteheads containing whitish or yellowish-looking pus that can be painful to touch. 

What is the treatment for Acne?
मुहांसों का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

For mild to moderate acne Benzoyl peroxide is an effective treatment having mild side effects.  It has anti-inflammatory properties and is as effective as antibiotics. Topical and oral antibiotics can be used for mild to moderate and severe acne. They work as an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agent. Salycylic acid that contains beta-hydroxy acid and has bacteriostatic and keratolytic properties is another treatment. Other popular treatments include Azelaic acid, hormones, topical and oral retinoids, Spironolactone, etc. 

What are the various myths about acne?
मुहांसों से जुडी आम गलतफहमियां क्या हैं ?

It is often believed that poor hygiene may lead to acne. But that it not true instead excessive washing may worsen the condition.  Stress does not cause acne although it may be believed so. Many believe that drinking plenty of water is a natural cure for acne. There are others who believe sunbathing or sunbeds help to clear acne but all these are myths. Popping pimples which is a common practice with many people is done with the belief that the acne gets destroyed as the pus is squeezed out. But actually by doing this bacteria is spread into the skin causing redness, swelling and scars that may never go. 

How to prevent Acne?
मुहांसों से बचाव कैसे करें ?

The number one remedy to prevent the outbreak of acne is to keep your face scrupulously clean at all times. Wash your face twice daily to remove dirt, oil, dead skin cells and impurities. You may try an over-the-counter product for acne removal containing benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, salicylic acid,or lactic acid. Avoid using make-up. If you have to use at all non-cosmedogenic or oil-free cosmetics that come without chemicals and dyes.

What to do if I am having Acne?
मुझे मुहांसे हो गए हैं।  क्या करूँ ?

If you get acne it is important to keep the skin clean at all times. Wash the skin twice a day with lukewarm water and mild soap. Do not scrub the area affected by acne. Avoid wearing heavy make-up. Avoid picking at the acne that may lead to further scarring and inflammation. There are many topical creams/lotions and oral medication that you may take for curing the acne. Some topical applications tend to dry out the skin. In that case you can apply a moisturizing cream with water base to the skin. If the condition worsens talk to your doctor.

Should I burst the Acne with my fingers?
क्या मुहांसों को हाथों से फोड़ देना चाहिए ?

Many people have the habit of popping, pricking, squeezing their acne. Some believe that if the acne is pus filled letting the pus out destroys the acnes and aids the process of healing. But this is not advisable at all. The skin may not respond well and may often lead to scarring or another breakout

What is the Ayurvedic treatment of acne?
मुहांसों का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़  क्या होता है ?

Ayurvedic treatments for acne include application of packs to the affected area. Mix one teaspoon of cinnamon powder with one teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply to the affected area. You may also try combining cinnamon powder with honey and make a paste. Apply the paste at bed time and wash off next morning. Other Ayurvedic cures include  taking 30ml of Aloevera amla juice half an hour before breakfast every morning. You may also consider taking a neem decoction of 50ml on empty stomach once daily. 

What is the Homeopathic treatment of acne?
मुहांसों का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या होता है?

There are several homeopathic medicines available for the treatment of acne. Natrum Mur is one such medicine which is used to treat acne resulting from oily skin. Nux Vomica is usually recommended in cases of acne resulting from gastric disturbances resulting from addiction to tea, coffee, spicy foods and other stimulants. Silicea is another homeopathic drug used for acne with pus formation.

What are the dietary recommendations of Acne?
मुहांसे होने पर खान पान का क्या ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Doctors suggest reducing  Candida in foods.  Cut out foods containing a high level of yeast like cheese, mushrooms, marmite, soy sauce, stock cubes, vinegar, etc. Cut out on high sugary foods like biscuits, sweets, cakes, puddings, chocolate that helps Candida to thrive. Taking home made yoghurt can be beneficial for intestinal bacteria. Using fresh herbs in foods that have anti-fungal properties can also help curing acne. 

What lifestyle changes are recommended for controlling acne?
मुहांसे होने पर जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करने चाहिए ?

Regular exercise can combat stress that may lead to acne. Physical activity promotes blood circulation and supplies more oxygen to the cells helping in the elimination of toxins from the cells. Keeping the skin clean and free from sweat is important for the prevention of acne. So taking shower or washing the face twice daily can be beneficial. Sipping on to water and fresh juices  as often as possible to flush out toxins and keep the skin hydrated can also help in the prevention of acne.   

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