Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Autism explained in Simple Language - आटिज्म समझें आसान भाषा में

Simplify Autism - आटिज्म समझें आसान भाषा में




What is Autism?
आटिज्म क्या है ?

Autism is a form of complex developmental disability, characterized by difficulty in communication, which significantly hampers ones cognitive and social behavior. Such a type of mental condition shows its effect during the first 3 years of the child’s life.

What are Autism spectrum disorders?
आटिज्म स्पेक्ट्रम डिसऑर्डर्स क्या होते हैं ?

Autism spectrum disorders, abbreviated as ASD is a group of symptoms characterized by faulty or improper social behavior and restricted interactive communication skills and behavior. Children with ASD exhibit repetitive behavior with respect to particular activities or interests.

What are risk factors of Autism?
आटिज्म के रिस्क फैक्टर्स क्या होते हैं ?

The various risk factors for autism include: Genetic factors, environmental factors, exposure to drugs during pregnancy and presence of genetic diseases.

What causes Autism?
आटिज्म क्यों और कैसे होता है?

The exact cause of autism is yet to be clearly understood. However, scientists believe that interplay of genetic and environmental factors can be blamed for the development of this complex disorder. Moreover, exposure to certain types of drugs during pregnancy can also largely increase the chances of development of autism in children.

How Autism is diagnosed?
आटिज्म की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

A thorough check up regarding the child’s milestone is required to be carried out. If the child shows any sign of developmental delay, or has failed to achieve the set milestone for his / her age, then such a case is referred to an autism specialist. However, there is no specific medical test for diagnosing the condition.

Autism
Autism

My child’s milestones are delayed. Can he have autism?
मेरे बच्चे के milestones थोड़ा लेट हैं।  क्या उसे आटिज्म   हो सकता है ?

If your child’s milestones are delayed, then there is a strong possibility that he may be a victim of autism. However, before you draw out any conclusion, it is best to consult your pediatrician for a correct diagnosis.

What precautions should be taken with Autism affected children?
आटिज्म से पीड़ित बच्चों में किन बातों का ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Adopting certain precautionary measures for children affected with autism is extremely essential. The lack of communication or improperly developed communications skills of the child can land him up in trouble. Therefore, parents are advised that they should give their child an identification card which he would always carry with himself. It is also necessary to keep household toxins, fire objects, washing liquids and other inedible substances out of reach of such children.

When to suspect my child has autism?
कब शक करना चाहिए के बच्चे को आटिज्म तो नहीं ?

The signs and symptoms of autism usually showcase in the early 3 years of life. So, if your child portrays unusual behavior and has not reached his milestones then that is an indication for you to take him to the doctor.

What is treatment of autism?
आटिज्म का इलाज़ क्या है ?

Autism cannot be cured, but it can be well managed with various treatment methods. Several therapies such as behavioral therapy, family therapy, educational therapy along with medications can help in management of autism.

What are various myths about autism?
आटिज्म के बारे में विभिन्न गलत फ़हमियां क्या हैं ?

Several myths about autism exist. Some of the common ones include:

  • Autistic children are mentally retarded
  • Children with autism do not have emotions and cannot feel love
  • Autistic children lack empathy
  • Autistic children do not like to be hugged


How to prevent autism?
आटिज्म से कैसे बचा जा सकता है ?

It is not possible to prevent autism. However, avoiding exposure to drugs and environmental toxins during pregnancy can be a big advantage.

What to do if I suspect my child has autism?
मुझे शक है के मेरे बच्चे को आटिज्म है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect your child is suffering from autism, then it is best to consult your doctor at the earliest.

What to do if my child has autism?
मेरे बच्चे को आटिज्म है।  क्या करूँ ?

If your child has autism, then you are advised to keep patience and carefully adhere to the treatment plan. Give your child the love and care he needs to make him feel wanted and loved.

What are dietary recommendations for autism?
आटिज्म से पीड़ित बच्चों में खाने पीने का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Children with autism often suffer from gluten intolerance as well. Therefore, it is best to give them gluten free food. In addition, they are also a victim of gastrointestinal problems and food allergies. Parents are therefore advised to work out a diet plan with their doctor based on their child’s nutritional demands.

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