Tuesday, July 28, 2015

HIV / AIDS explained in Simple Language - एच आई वी / एड्स समझें आसान भाषा में

HIV / AIDS - एच आई वी / एड्स समझें आसान भाषा में

What is HIV?
एच आई वी क्या है ?

HIV known as human immune deficiency virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If one does not have a strong immune system it is extremely difficult to fight off the disease. Both the infection and the virus are known as HIV.

What is AIDS?
एड्स क्या है?

AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome caused by the HIV virus.

What causes HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स कैसे होता है ?

The HIV virus attacks the immune system cells and damages them which makes the body more weak and vulnerable to infections.

How HIV is spread?
एच आई वी कैसे फैलता है ?

HIV is spread through sex or sharing unsterilized instruments like needles that has been used on a HIV infected person. It also gets spread through semen, blood, rectal fluids, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluid of an HIV infected person.

How HIV does not spread?
एच आई वी कैसे नहीं फैलता है ?

HIV does not spread from cooked or uncooked food with blood on it, living with a person with HIV in the same house, from a sterile needle from a health centre or clinic or sharing utensils like fork, knife, plate, cup or spoon with an HIV infected person.


What are the symptoms of HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Some of the common symptoms of HIV/ AIDS are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Vomiting and Nausea

How HIV is diagnosed?
एच आई वी की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

ELISA - Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay is the primary test for diagnosing HIV and AIDS. If the test results positive then the Western Blot test is done to confirm the diagnosis.

If someone is infected today how long it will take the infection to reflect in tests?
It will take 12 weeks for the virus t show up in tests. Sometimes it may take upto 6 months to test positive with the help of standard tests.

What is the treatment of HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

There are 2 main types of HIV Vaccines – therapeutic and preventive. Antiretroviral therapies are also popular though they may have some side effects.

How to prevent HIV?
एच आई वी से बचाव कैसे किया जा सकता है ?

You can prevent the risk of infection using condoms and engaging in less risky behavior. Getting your partner tested and limiting the number of sexual partner can also prevent the risk of getting the disease.

What are the common opportunistic infections in HIV?
एच आई वी में होने वाले opportunistic  इन्फेक्शन कौन कौन से होते हैं ?

Pnuemocystis Jirovecii (Carinii) Pneumonia (PCP) PCP is a common fungal infection that often causes death in HIV patients. Tuberculosis, Fungal Infections, and Ecoli infections are most troublesome and common opportunistic infections

How to prevent opportunistic infections in HIV?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों में opportunistic इन्फेक्शन से कैसे बचा जा सकता है ?

Using condoms at the time of sex, refraining from anal or oral sex and getting vaccinated against hepatitis A and B are some of the ways you can prevent opportunistic infections. Wear Mask when going in public, Avoid Hand shakes, avoid junk food and eat only home cooked hygienic food.

What to do if I suspect I have HIV?
मुझे शक है मुझे एच आई वी है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect you have HIV get an HIV test done as soon as possible.

What is the Ayurvedic treatment for HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी / एड्स का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Proprietary ayurvedic medicines like Sookshma Triphla tabs, Chyavanprash and Raktavardhak keep away infection and improves the over all quality of life.

What are the dietary recommendations for HIV?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों को खान पान का क्या ख्याल रखना चाहिए ?

Dietary recommendations include taking a diet containing plenty of fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains, choosing from low-fat and lean sources of protein and cutting out on soft drinks, sweets, and foods with added sugar.

What lifestyle changes are recommended for HIV/ AIDS?
एच आई वी मरीज़ों को जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करना चाहिए ?

Taking a healthy and nutritious diet, quitting smoking, exercising regularly, practicing safer sex, stopping illegal use of drugs, getting tested for STIs and taking proper treatment are some healthy ways of managing the disease.

Are there any self help groups for HIV/ AIDS? Please suggest some sites.
क्या एच आई वी एड्स से सम्बंधित कुछ सेल्फ हेल्प ग्रुप्स हैं ?

HARC provides a number of support groups which provide counseling services and emotional support to people with HIV. Some of them are RISE ( Respect Is Empowering ), HEP C. Support Group, We Are Survivors and Healthy Relationships.


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