Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Hepatitis A explained in Simple Language - हेपेटाइटिस ऐ समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में

Simplify Hepatitis A - हेपेटाइटिस ऐ समझें आसान हिंदी भाषा में

What is hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ क्या है ?

Hepatitis A is a viral infection characterized by inflammation of the liver. Due to the infection, the liver loses its capability to carry out its normal functioning.

What causes hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ क्यों होता है ?

There are various factors that cause hepatitis A. These include:
Consumption of contaminated food or water
Indulging in unprotected sex with partner who is already infected with the virus
Consuming food made by person who does not wash his hands properly after using the toilet
Consumption of raw shell fish from polluted water

Does hepatitis A spread from person to person?
क्या हेपेटाइटिस ऐ व्यक्ति से दूसरे व्यक्ति फ़ैल सकता है ?

Yes, it a contagious disease and can easily spread from person to person.

How does Hepatitis A spread?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ कैसे फैलता है ?

Hepatitis A spreads by the following methods:

  • Sharing same needles of infected person
  • Sex with individuals infected with the virus
  • Eating contaminated food and water
  • Consuming fish from polluted water

Hepatitis is an infection of Liver
Hepatitis is an infection of Liver

What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Symptoms of hepatitis A do not show effect until the virus has resided in the body for at least a few weeks. Following signs and symptoms are evident in hepatitis A infection:

  • Tiredness along with joint pain and low grade fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark colored urine
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Onset of jaundice
  • Stools are dark (clay) colored

How hepatitis A is diagnosed?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ की पहचान कैसे  होती है 

A preliminary physical examination is done to check for enlarged and tender liver. Following this, a blood test is required for detecting the hepatitis A virus.

What tests should be done for hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ के लिए कौन से टेस्ट किये जाते हैं ?

Liver function test and antibody test are done for hepatitis A.

What are the different stages of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ की कौन कौन सी अवस्थाएं होती हैं ?

There are 4 phases of hepatitis A, namely:

  1. Incubation phase - wherein the virus replicates inside the body, but the patient remains asymptomatic
  2. Preicteric phase – also known as prodromal phase, is the one wherein there is onset of typical symptoms of hepatitis A
  3. Icteric phase - wherein the patient develops jaundice
  4. Convalescent phase– wherein the disease resolution is extremely low and recovery is complete.

What is treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

There is no particular treatment regime for hepatitis A. The virus gets cleared from the body through its own course and the liver repairs itself within 6 months. Patients are advised to take full rest and eat nutritious foods.

What is not a treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का इलाज़ क्या नहीं होता है ?

Antibiotics have no effect on viral infection and therefore do not form part of treatment regime of hepatitis A.

How to prevent hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ  से कैसे बचाव किया जा सकता है ?

Vaccination is one of the best methods to prevent hepatitis A infection. In addition, it is also necessary to avoid sharing needles of infected persons. Washing hands with soap and water after using toilet is also necessary to prevent infection.

What is schedule of hepatitis A vaccine?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ वैक्सीन का क्या तरीका होता है ?

Hepatitis A vaccination is administered in 2 doses: initial vaccine followed by a booster dose after 6 months.

What to do if I suspect I have hepatitis A?
मुझे शक है कि मुझे हेपेटाइटिस ऐ है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you suspect that you have been infected with the virus, it is best to get your blood tested and visit your doctor at the earliest.

What to do if I am having hepatitis A?
मुझे हेपेटाइटिस ऐ है।  क्या करूँ ?

If you are suffering from hepatitis A, it is necessary to take plenty of rest and eat nutritious foods.

What is Ayurvedic treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का आयुर्वेदिक  इलाज़ क्या  है ?

The various herbs used in the treatment of hepatitis A include phyllanthusamaris, terminaliabelerica, eclipta alba, andrographispaniculata, boerhaviadiffusa, swertiachirata, tinosporacordifolia and picror hizakuroa.

What is the homeopathic treatment of hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ का होम्योपैथिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Homeopathy medicines have proven to be effective in treatment of viral infections. Various medications used for treatment of hepatitis A include brynoia, chelidonium, podophyllum, lycopodium, arsenic, myricacerifera, nuxvom, phosphorus, ptelea trifoliate and carduus mar.

What are the dietary recommendations for hepatitis A?
हेपेटाइटिस ऐ में खान पान का क्या ख्याल करना चाहिए ?

Hepatitis A infection causes inflammation of the liver and therefore patients are advised to have foods which are low in fats. However, a high calorie diet is a must for liver regeneration and for providing optimum energy levels to the body.

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