Thursday, August 6, 2015

Duodenal Ulcer explained in Simple Language - ड्यूडनल अलसर आसान भाषा में समझें

Simplify Duodenal Ulcer -  - ड्यूडनल अलसर आसान भाषा में समझें


What is Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर क्या हैं ?

Duodenal Ulcer is a kind of peptic ulcer taking place in the duodenum the place where the small intestine begins. These peptic ulcers are eroded areas in the lining of the stomach and duodenum which leads to symptoms like possible bleeding, abdominal pain and other gastrointestinal symptoms.

What causes Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर क्यों होता है ?

Research shows H. pylori bacteria is the main cause of Duodenal Ulcer which spreads through kissing and contamination of food and water.

Duodenal Ulcers
Duodenal Ulcers


How does Duodenal Ulcer spread ?
ड्यूडनल अलसर कैसे फैलता है ?

H. Pylori infection can spread from person to person through direct contact with saliva or faeces. It can spread through contamination of food and water. Improper hand washing after using the toilet can also lead to the spread of the bacteria.

What are the symptoms of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

Common symptoms may include :
burning
gnawing and
hunger

What are the different stages of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर की विभिन्न अवस्थाएं क्या होती हैं ?

Duodenal Ulcer has been categorized into 3 stages
Erosion that marks the destruction of the mucosal lining
True Ulcer  in which erosion leads to  marked or scarred disruption of the smooth tissue in the duodenum and stomach
Bleeding Ulcer which is the final stage that can be life threatening in which the ulcer leaves a complete or partial hole causing hemorrhage in the stomach.


How is Duodenal Ulcer diagnosed?
ड्यूडनल अलसर की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

The tests that are performed are :
Breath and blood stool
Endoscopy
X-ray of upper digestive system

What is the treatment of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Treatments include :
Medications  that prevent acid formation and promotes healing
Antibiotics to kill H. Pyloti bacteria
Medications to prevent production of acid
Antacids to neutralize stomach acid

How can Duodenal Ulcer can be prevented?
ड्यूडनल अलसर से कैसे बचाव कर सकते हैं ?

Duodenal ulcers can be prevented by :
Avoiding foods that irritate the stomach such as – citrus, spicy and fatty foods.
Giving up smoking
Limiting alcohol use
Controlling stress levels

What are the Diet and Lifestyle Changes for Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर होने पर खाने पीने और जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव लाने चाहिए ?

Diet and lifestyle changes to be followed are :
Avoiding foods that may irritate the stomach
Stop smoking
Avoiding alcohol
Managing stress.
Using NSAIDs with caution

How to deal with patient of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर के मरीज की देख भाल कैसे करनी चाहिए ?

Treat your loved with care and sympathy. Make sure that he takes smaller meals and avoids an empty stomach. Encourage him to quit smoking and alcohol and help him find out ways to manage stress.  Help him find alternatives to chocolate and caffeinated drinks. Suggest him OTC medications till he sees the doctor.


What is the Ayurvedic Treatment of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Sukumara Ghrita which is a mixture of castor oil and ghee is the most effective treatment of Duodenal Ulcer.  Another popular ayurvedic remedy is Shankha Bhasma which is a combination of conch shell, lemon juice, aloevera and water.

What are the complications of Duodenal Ulcer?
ड्यूडनल अलसर की कोम्प्लिकेशन क्या होती हैं ?

Complications that may arise from Duodenal Ulcer are penetration, perforation, bleeding and gastric outlet obstruction.

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