Thursday, August 6, 2015

Gastritis explained in simple language - गैस्ट्राइटिस समझें आसान भाषा में

Simplify Gastritis - गैस्ट्राइटिस समझें आसान भाषा में

What is Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस क्या है?

When an inflammation, erosion or irritation occurs in the inner lining of the stomach the condition is known as Gastritis. It can occur gradually or all of a sudden.

What causes Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस क्यों होती है ?

Gastritis can be caused by

  • Pernicious anemia
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • Bile reflux
  • Stress
  • Certain medications

What are different types of Gastritis ?
गैस्ट्राइटिस के विभिन्न प्रकार कौन से हैं ?

Chronic Gastritis and Acute Gastritis are the most common forms of Gastritis. Besides them  there are a few others  namely

  • Chronic Erosive Gastritis
  • Chronic Non-Erosive Gastritis
  • Metaplasia
  • Duodenitis

Human Digestive System 

How does Gastritis spread ?
गैस्ट्राइटिस कैसे फैलती है ?

H. pylori may spreads from person to person through contamination of food or water. The infection is commonly found in areas with high population density and poor sanitation.

What are the symptoms of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस के लक्षण क्या हैं ?

Symptoms of Gastritis include :

  • Cramps or burning feeling in the stomach
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Feeling of fullness before or after eating.

What are the different stages of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस की विभिन्न अवस्थाएं क्या हैं ?

Gastristis can be categorized into four stages namely

  • Stage I in which atrophic lesions are detected in biopsy samples
  • Stage II in which atropy can effect oxyntic mucosa
  • Stage III in which gastritis results from moderate atropy at oxyntic level
  • Stage IV in which atrophy involves oxynctic and antral mucusa.

How is Gastritis diagnosed?
गैस्ट्राइटिस की पहचान कैसे होती है ?

Breath, blood or stool test are done to for H. pylori. Your doctor may perform a physical exam or endoscopy to check for any inflammation inside the stomach.  He may also take a biopsy or small sample of the lining of the stomach if he finds anything unusual.

What is the treatment of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस का इलाज़ क्या है ?

Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat Helicobacter pylori infections. You will find many over-the-counter acid blockers such as famotidine, cimetidine and ranitidine. Antacids are also taken which prevent the body from absorbing other medications.

How can Gastritis can be prevented?
गैस्ट्राइटिस से कैसे बचाव किया जा सकता है ?

Gastritis can be prevented by

  • Regular exercise
  • Developing good eating habits
  • Reducing stress
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.

What are the Diet and Lifestyle Changes for Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस होने पर खान पान और जीवन शैली में क्या बदलाव करना चाहिए ?

Lifestyle changes include giving up alcohol, smoking, acidic beverages and medications all of which may worsen the symptoms.

How to deal with patient of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस के मरीज की देखभाल कैसे करनी चाहिए ?

A patient of Gastritis should be treated with love, support and sympathy. He has to make some changes in life such as:

  • Eat smaller meals
  • Exercise daily
  • Take a healthy diet
  • Quit smoking.

What is the Ayurvedic Treatment of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

Triphala powder is an excellent ayurvedic home remedy for Gastritis. Add 1tbs to a glassful of water, boil and reduce it to half a glass and filter it. Add 1tbs honey or ghee and drink the hot water decoction to get relief from Gastritis.

What are the complications of Gastritis?
गैस्ट्राइटिस की कोम्प्लिकेशन क्या हो सकती हैं ?

Sometimes there may hardly be any symptoms associated with non-specific gastritis.  Chronic gastritis may sometimes lead to peptic ulcer disease,  benign and malignant gastric tumors and gastric polyps and gastric tumors. H. pylori gastritis may sometimes result in atrophic gastritis that may destroy the cells in the lining of the stomach that produce digestive juices.

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