Monday, August 3, 2015

Osteoporosis explained in simple language - ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस समझें आसान भाषा में

Simplify Osteoporosis - ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस समझें आसान भाषा में

What is Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस क्या है ?

Osteopororosis is a bone disease which makes too little bone or makes too much bone. The bones become brittle and may break or crack if you fall. It may also occur from simple actions like bumping into furniture or sneezing.

What causes Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस क्यों होता है ?

A bone disease Osteoporosis affects the strength and structure of bones thereby increasing the risk of fractures.


What are different types of Osteoporosis?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के प्रकार कौन कौन से होते हैं ?

The four types of Osteoporosis are namely

  • primary,
  • secondary
  • osteogenesis imperfect and
  • idiopathic juvenile

What are the symptoms of Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के लक्षण क्या होते हैं ?

In the early stages there are usually no symptoms. But once the bones become weak and brittle the following symptoms may appear

  • Loss of height over time
  • Compression vertebra or compression fracture leads to back pain
  • Curved upper back or stooped posture
  • One gets broken bones easily if you get minor injury

What are the different stages of Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस की अवस्थाएं क्या होती हैं ?

The disease takes place in 4 stages. In the first stage the bones start to break down at the same rate as the body builds bones. There are usually no symptoms. In the second stage the bones break down at a faster rate than the  body builds bones. Symptoms go unnoticed and are usually detected through bone-density tests. In the third stage the bones become thin and break easily from stress. It is during this stage that osteoporosis usually gets detected. In the fourth stage fractures take place associated with pain and disability. Deformities appear in the spine and other areas of the body.

What is the treatment of Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का इलाज़ क्या होता है ?

Strontium treatment may prevent thinning of bones in Osteoporosis. Teriparatide (Forteo) can be self injected. Weight bearing exercises can also give good results.

How can Osteoporosis be prevented ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस से कैसे बचा जा सकता है ?

Exercises like walking, jogging, dancing, stair climbing, weight lifting and resistance exercises can increase bone density and strength and greatly reduce falling and breaking bones. Calcium and Vitamin D supplementation can also be taken. Giving up smoking and limiting alcohol use are also simple lifestyle changes that can prevent Osteoporosis.

Diet and Lifestyle Changes for Osteoporosis ?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस होने पर खान पान में क्या बदलाव लाना चाहिए ?

A high calcium diet should be taken to strengthen bones and prevent breaking bones. Include calcium rich foods like yoghurt, milk, cheese and dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, collard, almonds, tofu, sardines and salmons. Giving up smoking, avoiding alcohol and regular exercise are a few lifestyle changes that can prevent the disease.

How to deal with patient of Osteoporosis?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस के मरीज की सेवा कैसे करें ?

A patient of Osteoporosis should not only be considered for drug treatment but should be advised on nutrition, exercise, lifestyle,  and ways to prevent falls.

What is Ayurvedic Treatment of Osteoporosis?
ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस का आयुर्वेदिक इलाज़ क्या है ?

A good ayurvedic treatment for Osteoporosis is taking a cupful of warm milk mixed with 1tsp of sesame powder and a handful of sesame seeds that has been roasted and grinded.  Drink it 3 times a day. 

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