Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Bronchitis

What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a condition, characterized by inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The condition can be either acute or chronic in nature.

What causes bronchitis?

Acute form of bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, while chronic bronchitis occurs as a result of tobacco smoking. In addition, exposure to toxic gases and air pollution are also known to play foul.

What are the different types of bronchitis?

Bronchitis is of 2 different types: Acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is caused due to viral infection and chronic bronchitis occurs due to tobacco smoking.

How do bronchitis spread?

Acute bronchitis is contagious in nature and can spread from one person to another by getting in touch with the infected droplets from an infected person when they cough or sneeze.

What are the symptoms of bronchitis?

Individuals with bronchitis suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Cough with mucus, which is either yellowish, white or yellowish – gray in color
  • Discomfort or feeling of tightness in chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Onset of fever accompanied by chills
What are the different stages of bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis progresses in 3 different stages. These include:
Stage 1 – wherein the symptoms just begin with nonproductive cough.
Stage 1 – characterized by a productive cough as the viral infection has begun affecting the respiratory tract.
Stage 3 – Most individuals often feel better by this stage. The virus gets cleared, however many may continue to cough due to the damage to the airways.

Chronic bronchitis progresses in 4 stages, which include:
Stage 1: In this stage, there is chronic cough which is productive in nature.
Stage 2: The disease is progressing and so are the symptoms. In addition to cough, individuals also experience breathlessness during exercise.
Stage 3: At this stage, the disease has progressed severely, with an increase in breathlessness and the onset of fatigue.
Stage 4: The disease has severely progressed with the onset of edema.

What is the treatment of bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis is caused due to viral infections and majority of the cases are cured without any rigorous treatment regime. However, in certain circumstances, medications along with therapies would be required. Medications such as antibiotics and cough suppressants are given. For chronic bronchitis sufferers, in addition to medications, various therapies that involve breathing exercises are also administered.

How can bronchitis be prevented?

The following tips can be adhered to for preventing bronchitis.

  • Stay away from cigarette smoke.
  • Regular vaccination is a must.
  • Wash your hands often and more so after after getting in contact with infected surfaces.
  • For chronic bronchitis sufferers, it is necessary to wear a mask in public places.

Diet and lifestyle changes in bronchitis?

Lifestyle and diet changes suggested for individuals with bronchitis include the following:

  •  Tobacco in all forms should be avoided.
  • Maintaining proper personal hygiene is important to stay away from bacterial as well as viral infections.
  • Getting in contact with lung irritants such as air pollution, dust, fumes, smoke and vapor should be avoided.
  • A healthy and balanced diet should be consumed.
  • A diet that is rich in whole grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables is ideal.
What is Ayurvedic treatment of bronchitis?

Ayurvedic treatment for bronchitis include virechana and vamana therapies. In addition, various Ayurvedic herbs that are given are pravala pishti, honey, vasa juice, shringyadi churna, kaphaketu, rasa sindur, kaphachintamani and sitopaladi churna.

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