Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Fibromyalgia

What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia, is a chronic condition, characterized by pain in the joints and muscles. Affected individuals also suffer from fatigue, mood issues, memory problems and sleep disturbance.

What causes fibromyalgia?

The exact cause of fibromyalgia is yet to be identified. However, doctors believe that there are certain factors which are known to trigger the condition. These include:
  •  Infections that trigger an attack of fibromyalgia or aggravate an existing condition.
  • Physical trauma, emotional stress, post traumatic disorder and surgeries can also lead to the development of fibromyalgia.
  • Heredity – fibromyalgia is more of a genetic condition and is known to run in families.

Other causative factors include anemia, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, allergic reactions to food and nutritional deficiencies.

What are the different types of fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia can be classified under 2 categories, namely: primary and secondary. Primary fibromyalgia occurs with no definite underlying cause. Secondary fibromyalgia is a resultant reaction of certain disease conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, physical trauma, emotional stress, cancer, HIV, etc.

How does fibromyalgia spread?

Fibromyalgia is not a contagious disease and does not spread from one person to another.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Individuals with fibromyalgia experience the following symptoms:

  • Widespread pain characterized by a constant ache that is dull in nature for at least 3 months. The pain usually occurs on both the sides of the body and both above and below the waist region.
  • Onset of fatigue.
  • Development of fibro fog – a condition described by difficulty to pay attention, cognitive difficulties and inability to focus and concentrate.
  • Individuals also experience headache, cramps in the lower abdominal region, depression and anxiety.
What is the treatment of fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia cannot be cured. But, the symptoms can be effectively managed with an appropriate treatment regime. The various treatment methods employed include:
  •  Medications such as analgesics, anti – seizure drugs and antidepressants are given to control the depression levels and help improve sleep.
  • Therapies often help individuals deal with stressful situations and cope with the pain.

How can fibromyalgia be prevented?

Fibromyalgia cannot be prevented. However, staying physically active and exercising regularly can help in better management of pain.

Diet and lifestyle changes in fibromyalgia?

Individuals with fibromyalgia are advised to adhere to a healthy dietary pattern and limit their caffeine intake. In addition to dietary changes, it is also necessary to make modifications in lifestyle.
  • Employ ways to reduce stress and avoid over exertion and anxiety.
  • Learn various stress reducing techniques such as breathing exercises, meditation and yoga.
  • Getting enough sleep is also utmost essential.
  • Regular exercising is a must. In the initial days, exercise may increase your pain; but practicing it regularly helps in decreasing the symptoms gradually.
  • You need to maintain a balance between the days you have pain and the days you do not have. This is so because, if you exert yourself during the days when you do not have pain, it will only increase the number of days you would suffer from pain. Therefore, the idea is to keep your activity levels in moderation and avoid over exertion.

What is Ayurvedic treatment of fibromyalgia?


Ayurvedic treatment for fibromyalgia begins with the Panchkarma therapy.This is usually done to flush out the toxins from the body through five different ways. It is then followed by massage with herbal oils to improve the blood circulation in the affected areas.

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