Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Mouth ulcers

What are mouth ulcers?

Mouth ulcers are kind of lesions which develop inside the mouth and in the gums. The lesions are extremely painful, making drinking and eating very difficult. Mouth ulcers are also known as oral ulcer or mucosal ulcer.

What causes mouth ulcers?

Minor mouth ulcers are usually a resultant reaction of accidentally biting the cheeks during eating or by a sharp tooth. These ulcers heal by themselves within a week or two. Many mouth ulcers often are a sign of underlying disorders such as herpes simplex, oral cancer, oral thrush, oral lichen plus, gingivostomatitis and leukoplakia. Other conditions that can give rise to mouth ulcers include reactive arthritis, celiac disease, iron and vitamin B12 deficiency and Behcet’s disease.

How do mouth ulcer spread?

Mouth ulcers are not contagious in nature and do not spread from one person to another.

What are the symptoms of mouth ulcers?

The common symptoms associated with mouth ulcer include:

  • Development of open sores or lesions inside the mouth.
  • Discomfort while eating food or drinking
  • Pain and discomfort
What is the treatment of mouth ulcers?

Most of the minor form of ulcers heal on their own within a week or two. The ulcers which have developed due to an underlying medical condition need prompt action and treatment. Medications are given to relieve the symptoms and make eating and drinking easier. Corticosteroids are prescribed when ulcers have turned painful and severe. This class of medication is given to lessen the inflammation and speed the healing process. Antibacterial mouthwash may also be recommended if the  ulcers are caused due to bacterial infection.

How can mouth ulcers be prevented?

The various steps that can be adopted to prevent mouth ulcers include the following:

  • Regular cleaning of mouth after eating.
  • Brushing twice a day.
  • Careful and gentle brushing in order to prevent accidental injury to the cheeks.
  • Diabetes and inflammatory bowel disease should be well managed and kept under control.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Regular dental checkups to keep tooth diseases at bay.
Diet and lifestyle changes in mouth ulcers?

Individuals with mouth ulcers need to follow certain strict dietary restrictions. Spicy as well as sour foods should be avoided as these can irritate the ulcers. Drinking of plenty of fluids is a must. It is also necessary to rinse mouth with salty warm water after each meal. A diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables should be consumed. In addition to this, individuals are also advised to make use of high quality toothbrushes so as to minimize the risk of injuring the cheeks.

What is Ayurvedic treatment of mouth ulcers?

The various herbs that have been proved to be beneficial in the treatment of mouth ulcers include licorice, chebulicmyrobalan, khadiraavadi and honey. Drinking the decoction made from ficus religious, fecus benegalensis and fecus recemous is very useful. In addition, decoction of jasmine leaves is extremely beneficial for oral ulcers. Topical application of powdered camphor soothes the ulcers and applying irimedaditaila on the ulcer is known to provide relief from pain.

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